On March 11.2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the fast-expanding coronavirus outbreak a pandemic. As of right now, more than 150,000 cases have been reported worldwide, with approximately 5000 deaths. Thus, it is crucial to prepare ourselves with an emergency kit to prevent potential contamination. Itis also important to stock up on certain items that are necessary to protect ourselves and our family. It is recommended a minimum list pandemic kit with the following items:
Minimum List Pandemic Kit
N95 or N100 Particle Masks
Respiratory protection is important because it provides a barrier for our respiratory tract from exposure to infectious agents that are transmitted through aerosol or droplets. Disposable N95 and N100 particle masks are the top choices against the coronavirus outbreak for you an your family. The NIOSH-approved 95 mask filters efficiently about 95% of microscopic respiratory droplets that people produce when they sneeze or cough.
Even more, the N100 masks can filter approximately 98% of aerosols or droplets as small as 0.3 micrometers. Either way, any mask you use as a safety measure must provide a secure seal to prevent exposure. Thus, a face mask with a nose-piece can help improve the fit. Also, it is advised to have bundles since an outbreak can last a long period of time.
Disinfecting With Bleach
Infectious organisms can also be present in surfaces and objects that infected people have touched or come in contact with bodily fluids, such as saliva or nasal discharge. Therefore, a disinfecting product, like bleach, can help you sanitize all potential sources, like tables, doorknobs, and light switches. You can make your own mixture by blending:
- 1 Cup of bleach in 4 Gallons of water.
- Damp the solution in a towel to clean and disinfect any surface that you or any person comes in contact with to further enhance your hygiene.
Heavy Duty Rubber, Latex, and Nitrile Gloves
Gloves are another efficient and inexpensive way to protect yourself and your family from harmful organisms. They create a barrier between any surface you touch and your hands that are practically exposed to any pathogen that is present on any touchable surface. Additionally, they are quite cheap and you can stock them in your house. However, rubber and latex gloves do not have high durability, so nitrile gloves are a better option since they contain powder within them to prevent them from sticking together.
Nonetheless, every time you put on a pair of gloves and take them off, you must wash your hands thoroughly. The CDC (Center for Disease Control) recommends washing your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water as the main prevention against the coronavirus outbreak. Additionally, it is wise to use double gloves if you will come in contact with an infected person, just for precautions.
Antibiotics and Symptom-Relieving Medication
Most people do not know this, but the majority of patients who suffer from an infection do not die because of the initial cause. Usually, the first infection cripples our immune system and leaves us wide open against a secondary infection, which is normally the main cause of death. Thus, it is recommended to stock up on over-the-counter (OTC) medications and antibiotics to treat these secondary infections.
Additionally, one may suffer from unspecific symptoms, like headaches, diarrhea, allergies, and general discomfort so you should also have medication to reduce them. However, remember to seek medical help when necessary. During pandemic outbreaks, medicine is short of supply so you might want to stock up ahead of time to prevent this. Do not forget to read the expiring date!
There are some other items you should have for emergencies, such as first aid kits, water-purifying devices, hand sanitizers, soap, and many more. You do not know if someone suffers an injury unexpectedly and it can be easily treated at home. Your best option is to stash away additional supplies to reduce the need to leave your house and decrease the chances of exposing yourself to these pathogens or bringing the disease back to your home.
You must take all the safety precautions necessary to survive this health hazard in the most efficient way. However, you must remain calm and follow instructions directed by your health service providers.